Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen
German physicist, Nobel Prize winner. He is known for finding X-rays.
X-ray was born in Lennep, Prussia. His childhood and elementary years were spent in the Netherlands and Switzerland. He entered the University of Zurich Polytechnic in 1865 and graduated in 1868 as a mechanical engineer.
In 1869 he received his doctorate from the University of Zürich. Following his graduation, he taught at the University of Strasbourg in 1876, Giessen in 1879, and Julius – Maximilians – University of Würzburg in 1888 as professor of physics. In 1900 he was appointed to the chair of Physics at the University of Munich and to head the new Institute of Physics.
In 1923, four years after his wife ‘s death, I. He died in Munich due to financial problems in an environment of high inflation caused by World War II.
In addition to being a faculty member, he was also conducting research. In 1885, he explained that a polarized permeable motion had the same magnetic effects as a current.
In the mid-1890s, like most researchers, he was investigating the luminescence of cathode ray tubes . It was working with an experimental apparatus consisting of two electrodes (anode and cathode) placed in a hollow glass tube called the verilen Crookes tube..
Electrons breaking from the cathode struck the glass before reaching the anode, creating light flares called fluorescence. On November 8, 1895, he changed the experiment a bit and covered the tube with a black cardboard and darkened the room and repeated the experiment in order to understand the light transmittance.
He noticed a flare on the paper wrapped in barium platinocyanite 2 meters from the test tube. He repeated the experiment and observed the same event each time. He described it as a new beam that could pass through the matte surface and called it the “X ray kullanarak using the letter X in algebra symbolizing the unknown. Later, these rays began to be called ışın X-rays..
After this invention, X-Ray observed that materials of different thickness were transmitting the beam of different intensity. He used a photographic material to understand this. He also made the first medical X-ray radiography (X-ray film) in history during these experiments and officially announced his important discovery on December 28, 1895. Although the physical explanation of the event could not be made clear until 1912, the invention was met with great excitement in the field of physics and medicine.
Most scientists considered this invention the beginning of modern physics – modern physics. In 1898, the American inventor Pasteur developed a device that produces X-rays for use in physical therapy in medicine.
The First X-Ray Film 124 Years Ago
Today, although x-ray technology is very common, it was a surprising and radical step for medical technology when it was first discovered . Because it allowed doctors and scientists to examine the human body without opening it. This meant a tremendous advance for that period.
History’s first x-ray film was shot in 1895. As you can see in the photo below, it doesn’t look as clear as today’s X-rays; however, it is quite interesting to see where this technology, which has changed the world of medicine, began.
German physics professor Wilhelm Röntgen was the first to discover an image by electromagnetic radiation . Researching the path of electric rays through a glass tube partially discharged from the induction coil, the scientist discovered that all objects, including the human body, can be affected by the rays. His first x-ray was his wife’s hand. Once again, looking at the photo above, you can see his wife’s wedding ring on the ring finger.
One year after the discovery of the X-ray , in 1896, an X-ray department was established at the Glasgow Royal Infirmary . Here, doctors managed to get the first kidney stone x-ray and a moving image of a frog’s legs. In the same year, Dr. John Hall-Edwards was recorded as the first doctor to diagnose by X – ray .